Scoping a Green Economy
This 2013 guide, produced by the GEC together with the International Institute of Environment and Development, aims to encourage early dialogue and diagnosis in and by developing countries on what a green economy would mean for their country.
Green economy and green growth are hot topics. Definitions, evidence, debates and increasingly, policies, have tended to be dominated by powerful countries and international groups. Several intergovernmental organisations are making it a priority and are announcing policies and programmes, but they each have different approaches.
This proliferating work on the international scene provides rich material which can be highly influential in developing countries. However, there are risks of considerable bias if the concepts are not first explored by stakeholders in-country. As the 2012 Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development concluded, green economies should take very different forms according to a country’s diverse capital endowments and needs. As such, green economic policy and investments need to be tailored at both national and local levels.
Space is needed within developing countries to bring together credible information and opinion from stakeholders, explore progress, barriers and prospects, and decide on green economy approaches that will work at national and local levels. This preparation will enable developing countries to proceed confidently to designing specific technical and investment options, and to attract the right kinds of international partnerships.
This guide is based on the experience of 11 dialogues facilitated independently by IIED. Each of these dialogues has resulted in a wider scope of potentials and requirements of green economies – often much broader than initial international discussions had implied. Consequently, this guide also encourages a broad scope for future dialogue and inquiry.