The main outcome of the study is that a large majority of Mediterranean countries have out-dated or incomplete national GE/SD strategies - often giving vague, unclear definitions or indicators. Only five countries (France, Italy, Morocco, Portugal and Tunisia) can claim to have good, up-to-date and detailed strategies with clear indicators. Of these, only Italy has the necessary supporting legislation in place. Many Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Croatia, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Montenegro, Palestine and Turkey) have made some progress toward a modern GE/SD strategy, but are stull inadequate. While seven countries (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus, Egypt, Slovenia and Spain) have outdated GE/SD strategies or none at all.
The study’s results are based on an extensive literature review, methodological assessment of the findings, and an online survey addressed to key regional and national GE/SD actors. These data were then reviewed by an expert workshop on 20 July 2016 in Tangier, Morocco and prompted the development several concrete recommendations aimed at accelerating the transition towards a Green Economy in the Mediterranean region.
The MAVA Foundation funded study was subsequently launched on 15 November at the Official COP22 Side Event “Towards a Sustainable Mediterranean Economy: A review of the sustainability of Mediterranean countries and proposals to promote a green and blue economy which delivers on the Paris Agreement”. More details are available here.
Access the full document and the background methodology, partners, donors and other information here.
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