Pro-Poor Inclusive Green Growth
Inclusive green growth (IGG) offers a route out of multiple related crises — in the economy, the environment and society. Most green growth efforts to date have placed the economy and environment front and centre. Yet for green growth to really fulfil its promise, it also needs to focus on people — to tackle the poverty, inequality and exclusion that constrain both growth and environmental sustainability, to realize women and men’s aspirations, and to gain broad societal support. Without this broader support, stand-alone green growth projects and investments will not lead to real transformation. Bringing about real transformation towards IGG will require leadership — to generate societal demand, including by poor women and men, and to supply supportive governance reforms.
This paper, produced by IIED, GGGI and the Green Economy Coalition, focuses on inclusion and poverty reduction, rather than all aspects of green growth. In middle- and low-income countries, the “poor” and “excluded” can add up to a significant part of the population — half or more. They are not merely a few marginalized groups, but the many who have been failed by the current economic system. Therefore inclusive green growth is not merely a question of bringing in small marginal groups; it has a very significant societal dimension — reshaping the economy to make better and more sustainable use of the environment to meet society’s needs more broadly